BRAIN INJURY ATTORNEY
Brain Injury Basics: Causes of Brain Injuries
As a normal side effect of life, most individuals have incurred some sort of trauma to the head. It may have happened in a serious motor accident or sports related injury, but far more frequently it’s the result of a bump on the head caused by a simple trip and fall or a wayward cupboard hitting you in the face. Fortunately, most falls or blows merely affect the external-which often times appear more frightening than it is threatening.
Within medical literature, a traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI’s can be classified based on severity, ranging from “mild,” i.e., a brief change in mental status or consciousness to “severe,” i.e., an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury. Because these injuries can occur from one person causing damage to another, our brain injury attorneys stand ready to help you with your case.
A head injury usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage to structures other than the brain, such as the scalp and skull. The most common form of a TBI is a simple concussion.
TBI’s can be caused by a direct impact or by acceleration alone. In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, brain trauma causes secondary injury, a variety of events that take place in the minutes and days following the injury. These processes, which include alterations in cerebral blood flow and the pressure within the skull, contribute substantially to the damage from the initial injury.
Unfortunately, despite the medical interpretation of the form and causes of brain injuries, many insurance companies are quick to discount one of the most common causes of brain injury within our society; injuries caused by quick acceleration or deceleration. For those having trouble envisioning this type of injury, try to recall the videos of the crash test dummies at the moment of impact in the car accident- often times, their heads don’t hit any hard surface, but instead are forced to snap back and forth due to the impact of the accident and the resistance of the seat-belt. However, there are a number of other common situations that lead to brain injuries where there aren’t any direct blows to the head. Some of those are listed below.